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COVID 19 Update

 

COVID-19 IN GHANA

       UPDATE

 

COVID-19

 What you need to know about
         COVID-19

Compiled by George T. Mensah and Dorothy Lomo-Mainoo

Environmental Biology and Health Division                  (Parasitology Section)

CSIR Water Research Institute Accra.

According to WHO, Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause various types illness (which range from the common cold to more severe diseases) such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). They are common in people and many different species of animals (CDC, 2020). They are zoonotic virus and therefore spreads from animals to humans and vice-versa. They have their origin in bats and the genetic make for the Chinese and US species are similar.

COVID-19 is the most recent member of the family and it is known to cause acute respiratory disease. The virus has been renamed” SARS-CoV-2” and causes Corona Virus Disease -2019 (COVID-19-CDC, 2020).

 It spreads from person to person through contact with an infected person in close contact within less than one metre radius and through droplets from the respiratory system of an infected person through sneezing or coughing. These droplets cause infection if they find their way to the lungs, nose, mouth and eyes of normal persons. One can also get the infection through touching the surfaces of objects that have the virus on them and then touching their own mouth, nose or eyes.

 Symptoms of COVID-19

The symptoms appear two to 14 days after exposure and includes; 

a) Fever

b) Dry Cough 

c) Shortness of breath/difficulty in breathing

d) Constant or persistent pain and pressure in the chest

Emergency warning signs includes all the above and;
Confusion in the thought pattern
Bluish lips /face

Prevention

  • Wash your hands often with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds
  • Take Vitamin C to help boost your immune system
  • Use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with an unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Keep a distance of at least two metres people when in public .
  • Always cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing dispose of it immediately.
  • If you are sick or caring for someone who is sick, wear a face mask.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces (including door locks, tables, light switches, foams, keyboards, toilets seats and sinks.
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The Groundwater Division generates, process
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of groundwater, quantity of water to be
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           Scene from Drilling Activities

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